Świeżyński Adam
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48(2012)2 - Papers

Adam Świeżyński

Wonderment and delight. An outline of the phenomenology of the miracle as an extraordinary event

  • language: English


Summary

The term ‘miracle’ is often used when we talk about events, the extraordinariness of which follows from the fact that they are inconsistent with our knowledge of the world and with regularities present in it. Most frequently the term ‘miracle’ is used in the religious sense of the word. It means that calling an event a miracle implies not only a declaration that it is an extraordinary–unexpected or extraordinary–improbable one, but also a result of a direct or indirect act of God. A more thorough analysis of the notion of extraordinariness leads us towards distinguishing two more features of the miracle, i.e. its supernaturality and scientific inexplicability. Considering the miracle an event caused by an act of God requires, in turn, the distinguishing of another element, which is the religious significance. A closer analysis of the two characteristics of the miracle understood as an ‘extraordinary event’ should include aspects of the phenomenology of the miracle. This seems still more useful, because the two elements: wonderment and delight are present in the non–religious and religious sense of the miracle, in which they refer to certain situations. We should note that wonderment and delight, understood as elements of the extraordinariness of a miraculous event, play a crucial role in the phenomenology of the miracle, which should be the first step on the way to defining precisely the characteristics of an extraordinary event. The direction of further analyses should be determined by making a distinction between two aspects of the philosophical problem concerning the miracle, namely, ontology and epistemology of the miracle.

 

 
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46(2010)2 - Reviews

Adam Świeżyński

Michael Horace Barnes, Understanding Religion and Science. Introducing the Debate, London – New York 2010

  • language: Polish

 
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46(2010)2 - Reviews

Adam Świeżyński

Slávka Démuthová, Keď umiera dieťa. Praktická tanatológia I, Pusté Úľany 2010

  • language: Polish

 
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46(2010)2 - Dissertations

Adam Świeżyński

Is chance an ‘element’ of miracle?
In search for common aspect of miraculous and chance events

  • language: English


Summary

Philosophical attempts to answer the question as to what chance is and the question as to the possibility of the existence of the miracle, are ineluctably bound up with the problem of the concept and structure of the laws of nature. It thus appears that the most competent area of philosophical deliberation, within the framework of which one might seek the answer to the foregoing questions, is the philosophy of nature, rooted within contemporary natural sciences. An extraordinary event, one which we are unable to incorporate into the regularities of nature as we know them, may be such either on account of its ontic structure, or on account of the observer’s limited cognitive capabilities. What emerges here is a convergence between the empirical element of a miraculous event and an event which we describe as a chance event, in the sense of there being an absence of cause/a lack of knowledge regarding the cause.