Maciejczak Marek
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50(2014)2 - Papers

Marek Maciejczak

Reflection in Husserl’s theory of consciousness

  • Language: Polish


Abstract

The paper takes into account Husserl’s theory of consciousness and presents it in the light of the theory of autopietic system. Consciousness is able to organize its elements, processes, levels and structure into a system only when is capable of reflection. Reflection is essential for unity and efficacy of consciousness.

 

 
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47(2011)1 - Dissertations

Marek Maciejczak

Identity and understanding of oneself

  • language: Polish


Summary

The article consists of two parts: the first – The Decline of the Ethical Aspect – presents the most important element of the current ethical situation. It presents the fact that, because of changes taking place in social reality, the means that hitherto supported the process of the formation of an individual’s self-knowledge and autonomy of action, are now disappearing. A consequence of the elimination of ethical values from the individual’s life is an ever further reaching process of disintegration of identity, which fosters consumerist attitudes. The second part – Working on Oneself – shows means of building up and preserving one’s identity. The most important of these means is the obligation of knowing oneself. Self-knowledge is the necessary condition of overcoming the crisis, an obligation to oneself that does not consist in possession of a theory confirmed by facts concerning ourselves. Finally, the article contains an assessment of the chances of putting these indications into practice.

 
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45(2009)1 - In honour of Professor Edward Nieznański

Marek Maciejczak

Linguistic meaning as a part of the conceptual model of the world

  • language: Polish


Summary

 

The paper deals with the concept of model of the word. It concerns a pre-linguistic stadium of language acquisition, descriptive content of proper names and interpretation by means of a conceptual system. Model of the world comprises all aspects of being conscious. It is a system, a unity, a background of our conscious life; perception, language, notions, concepts, are its aspects. The more we know about cognitive processes, functions and structure of the mind, the better we understand the nature of language; the more we know about language, the better we understand the nature of the mind. Linguistic mining as it shown at the studies in language and categories acquisition, has its origin in the aforementioned model. That is why linguistic meanings are not ready made contents, ideas, semantic entities, etc. but rather systems of procedures that constitute sense of speech acts. The approach to linguistic meaning as part of individual conceptual system, a system of information that mirrors cognitive, linguistic and non-verbal experience of individual, is much of help in understanding efficacy of language, forming of beliefs, convictions and also introducing new meanings.


 
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45(2009)2 - Consciousness and the Subject


Marek Maciejczak

Consciousness-to-thing relation according to Husserl

  • language: Polish


Summary

In Husserl?s phenomenology the question of the relationship between consciousness and thing is considered in the intentional analysis of perception. Reality of thing is suspended, reduced, and the perceived becomes x of possible predicates appropriate in its description. The question arises, when consciousness can accept sense: the real, existing thing or how intentional structure of consciousness can make it possible. The article points to a need of a broader context of the system of consciousness in which knowledge of a given object and its type should be harmonized with the actual state of knowledge. It is due to rationally motivated connections of experiences that an object of perception is taken as real.