Szocik Konrad
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46(2010)2 - Articles

Konrad Szocik

Religion and atheism in medieval philosophy

  • language: Polish


Summary

Medieval Philosophy was shaped by Christian doctrine. The convictions of the existence of God and its influence on the world were not challenged. Atheism, understood as a philosophical vision of the world which denies a possibility of the existence of Christian God i.e. personal and transcendent being, appeared in the Modern Age. However we can indicate at least two thinkers whose systems were in conflict with Christian thought. David of Dinant and Amalric of Bene preached pantheistic views, identifying God with the fullness of reality. Thus they anticipated the modern, initiated by Spinoza, return to the Stoic philosophy of pantheism.

 

 
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50(2014)2 - Papers

Szocik Konrad

Liberum arbitrium in medieval philosophy in context of deterministic theories

  • Language: Polish


Abstract

This paper analyzes the concept of 'liberum arbitrium' in the philosophy of Augustine, Anselm and Thomas Aquinas. It underlines their compatibilist connection between the freedom of choice and deterministic factors. Each of them has defended liberum arbitrium, being aware of the potential difficulties related to God’s influence on human fate.