Dominik Karolina / Rozmarynowska Karolina
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48(2012)3 - Papers

Karolina Rozmarynowska

The ultimate situation as the moment of self-experience according to Karl Jaspers

  • language: Polish


Summary

The subject of the article is the link between ultimate situations and self-experience. Deliberations show that experiencing ultimate situations broadens self-consciousness, because it is in these moments that we see if we are in fact the way we perceive ourselves, and whether those values we prefer are those, which we ourselves preserve. What’s more, anxiety and chaos force us to ask fundamental questions about whether we really are the way we would like and should be. And so, we are forced to enter into a dialogue with ourselves. We have to give answer to the questions about what is the best way to live – it is a fundamental choice. Moreover, in ultimate situations, the individual is left to their own devices, nobody can help them make a decision, so they experience personal responsibility and freedom. The individual has a chance to perceive that which transcends their bodily nature, biological existence – what is unchangeable and infinite.

 

 
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48(2012)4 - Ethics of Christian inspiration

Karolina Rozmarynowska

The significance of the other in axiological experience

  • language: Polish


Summary

The aim of the article is to show subjective sources of axiological experience. According to Tischner’s conception, each person experiences various values, of which ethical values are particular. Their peculiarity consists in the fact that they appear in the presence of the other (especially another human). We realize values in interpersonal relations, because they are ideals of human behaviour realized in a particular situation involving the other: we are faithful, just and honest to the other. Ethical values obligate us to act when something important is threatened. It means they are experienced as objective but not real. A crucial condition for achieving values is, to use Tischner’s expression, a “sense of reality”. Values have a binding nature, but it is a moral obligation, not a physical determination. A human person is independent in recognizing, choosing and realizing values. The essence of axiological experience is preference. That’s why the human world is ordered hierarchically.

 

 
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46(2010)1 - Reports

Karolina Dominik, Łukasz Malinowski, Krzysztof Wasilewski

Sprawozdanie z Międzyuczelnianego Seminarium Naukowego z cyklu Dziedzictwo współczesnej etyki

  • language: Polish