Mikucki Kazimierz
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48(2012)1 - Current controversies about soul

Kazimierz Mikucki

The issue concerning the means for the cognition of the human soul as presented by Kazimierz Kłósak

  • language: Polish


Summary

Kazimierz Kłósak’s concept of knowing the human soul is based on Aristotelian and Thomistic philosophical traditions. In accordance with the principles of these traditions, this cognition of the soul is attained by cognisance of the intermediary which is reductionist reasoning. This claim, in turn, is justified by the notion that the human soul is favoured by a kind of ontological transcendence towards the physical world. However, this point of departure for knowledge about the soul is the empirical evidence provided by the natural sciences that deal with man and nature especially in terms of psychic and moral phenomena. Since these concepts are within accepted philosophical principles, they can be interpreted as an active expression of the substance of the human soul and its weaknesses.

As a result, based on the above means of cognisance, a new approach is needed which will include the three traditions and the basic problems associated with the human soul; namely, its nature (oneness and essence, spirituality and immortality), and its descendancy and union with the body. Since these philosophical reflections are influenced at the point of departure by the limited scope of empirical findings and the character of reductionist interpolations, consequently the approach taken by Kłósak concerning his thesis on the subject of the human soul is regarded by him as a postulate of a mature faith. Furthermore, in view of recent scientific developments, it needs to be said that this thesis needs a new approach.

 

 
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46(2010)1 - Dissertations

Kazimierz Mikucki

A philosophical interpretation of the phenomenon of demonic possession of human beings

  • language: Polish


Summary

The phenomenon of human beings possessed by demons is discussed in the article. Demonic possession, taken as an empirical fact, enables not only for scientific and theological inquiry but also for philosophical speculation. There are two basic stages to this discussion: a description of the phenomenon and a philosophical interpretation of it. The first stage consists in an outline of the main interpretive trends to the issue of demonic possession; reductionist and anti-reductionist viewpoints are distinguished and described. The second step focuses on the anti-reductionist interpretation and relies on a more particular presentation of the issues related to the phenomenon in question. These issues can be grouped into five topics: the existence and nature of the spirit, the soul and God; the means and the extent of the spirit’s influence over human beings, the union of the soul as well as the spirit (angelic) with the body, the existence and kinds of evil, the existence of free will in mankind. The article ends with some concluding remarks concerning the matter of demonic possession of human beings.