Dąbek Dariusz
PDF Print Email
45(2009)1 - VIII Polish Philosophical Congress - Section of the Philosophy of Nature

Dariusz Dąbek

Empirical factor in global cosmologies

  • language: Polish


Summary

This paper presents the role of the empirical factor in the Milne's cosmology and Steady State Theory. Both theories are being recognised as the most representative of the global (deductive) cosmologies. The conducted analysis leads to the conclusion that these theories do not have a merely a priori character because the empirical factor plays in them a significant role. Gathered observation data and the experimental results are the determining factors not only in the testing process but also are an important element of the procedures that are generally accounted for in the discovery context. The empirical factor inspires and focuses on the scientific problems, determines presuppositions and affects the formulation of their hypotheses.

 

 
PDF Print Email
49(2013)2 - Papers

Dariusz Dąbek

Simplicity in deductive cosmologies

  • language: Polish


Abstract

The paper discusses the role of simplicity in deductive cosmological theories represented in Milne’s and Steady State Theory. The analysis leads to the following conclusions: 1) the ontological simplicity of nature (its regularity and order despite its huge complexity) determines the cosmological practice, 2) the simplicity of the description of the world is relatively subordinate to empirical data (because of their theory-ladenness) and closely linked with the formal criteria for evaluation of theory (e.g. coherence, internal and external consistency), 3) pragmatic simplicity (preferring a simpler theory amongst empirically equivalent theories) is grounded in scientific practice, but its normative dimension (associated with truthfulness) is disputable, 4) simplicity in a description of nature, simplicity of scientific structures and pragmatic simplicity are justified in ontological simplicity, which is defined as regularity and order in the Universe.